Macaroni is any pasta made without eggs. While generally thought of as just the elbow tube shape, macaroni can be any shape, including shells, twists, ribbons, penne, rigatoni and ziti.
Although Marco Polo wrote about eating Chinese pasta at on his travels, he probably didn't introduce pasta to Italy. In fact, there's evidence suggesting the Italians’ ancestors made pasta long before Marco’s travels.
Thomas Jefferson is credited with introducing macaroni to the United States. It seems that he enjoyed it in Naples while serving as the U.S. Ambassador to France. In fact, he promptly ordered crates of "maccaroni," along with a pasta-making machine, sent back to the States.
During the '80s, macaroni, which was traditionally considered a "blue-collar" down-home meal, was transformed into the more upscale "pasta." As more and more people began to dress it up throughout the '60s and '70s, its image began to change along with its name.
Pasta is one of America’s favorite foods. Last year, 1.3 million pounds of pasta were sold in American grocery stores. If you lined up 1.3 million pounds of 16 oz. spaghetti packages, it could circle the Earth’s equator almost nine times!
Modern Mac & Cheese
1 pound macaroni
1 medium onion, chopped
1/2 pound fresh mushrooms (optional)
4 tablespoons butter (1/2 stick)
1/4 cup flour
2 cups milk
6 ounces shredded mozzarella cheese
6 ounces shredded cheddar cheese
1/8 teaspoon chili powder or cayenne (optional)
1/2 teaspoon sweet paprika
Kosher salt to taste
1 cup panko (Japanese bread crumbs)
1/3 cup grated Parmesan cheese
4 tablespoons butter, softened
Preheat oven to 350 degrees. Butter a 9x13" baking dish.
Bring 4 quarts of water to a boil in a large pot and add salt and pasta. Cook 8-10 minutes or until slightly soft. Drain well and set aside.
Heat oil in a medium sauté pan and cook onions and mushrooms, stirring occasionally, until soft, about 5 minutes. Remove from heat and add to pasta.
In the same sauté pan, melt the butter over medium-high heat. When melted whisk in the flour. A whisk is important for preventing lumps. Allow mixture to bubble for 2 minutes. Slowly whisk in the milk, one cup at a time. Simmer 5 minutes, stirring occasionally. Remove sauce from heat and add the shredded cheese. Stir in the chili powder, paprika and salt. Combine sauce with pasta and spread into the prepared baking dish.
Stir together panko, Parmesan and butter until the crumbs are well coated. Sprinkle crumbs evenly over pasta. Bake 30 minutes or until the casserole is bubbling at the edges and the crumbs are toasted. Remove for the oven and let rest 10 minutes before serving.
4 Cheese Macaroni
1 12 ounce package macaroni
1/4 cup butter
1/2 cup minced onion
2 cloves crushed garlic
1/4 cup flour
2 cups milk
1/2 teaspoon dry mustard powder
1 cup grated Parmesan cheese
1 (8 ounce) package cream cheese, cubed
1 cup shredded mozzarella cheese
8 ounces Monterey Jack cheese, cut in cubes
1 cup shredded Cheddar cheese
salt and pepper to taste
1/2 cup bread crumbs
1/2 cup grated Parmesan cheese
Preheat oven to 375 degrees F. Lightly grease a 9x13 inch baking dish.
Bring a large pot of lightly salted water to a boil. Add pasta and cook for 8 to 10 minutes or until al dente; drain.
Meanwhile, melt the butter in a large saucepan over medium heat. Stir in the onion, and cook for 3 minutes until it begins to soften. Add the garlic, and continue cooking until the onion has softened and turned translucent, about 2 minutes more. Slowly stir in the flour, and cook, stirring constantly for 5 minutes.
Stir in the milk, and bring to a simmer. Reduce heat to medium-low and stir in mustard powder and liquid smoke; simmer for 10 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add 1 cup of Parmesan cheese, along with the cream cheese, and other cheeses; stir until melted. Season to taste with salt and pepper, then stir in the drained macaroni. Pour into the prepared baking dish. Sprinkle the remaining 1/2 cup of Parmesan cheese and breadcrumbs over the macaroni
Bake in preheated oven until bubbly and brown, about 30 minutes. Remove from the oven and allow to stand 5 to 10 minutes before serving.